Brad M. Freedman, DDS & Associates
4604-D Pinecrest Office Park Dr, Alexandria, VA 22312

Glossary of Dental Terms

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
My family and I have been using Brad + his staff for over 25 years. He has been a loyal doctor, friend and support system for us. His staff exemplifies the absolute best customer service and […]
Ian M.
Dr. Freedman’s office is amazing! Every staff member works very hard to make sure your visit is memorable. I’ve never had any issues here, would recommend to all my friends and family.
Karen P.
I was concerned how it would go since my wife Pat has Alzheimer disease, but she was put entirely at ease while her cavity was filled in their usual professional manner. Dr. Freedman and associates […]
Pat C.
The appointment went very well. Everyone was very courteous.
Bobby E.
As usual very efficient, friendly and professional from the receptionist to Dr Freedman himself. It is always a pleasure to visit them. I always come away from their office not only with cleaner […]
Robert M.
As always, the customer care at Brad Freedman, DDS office is wonderful. They take great care in making your experience professional but still keeping it very friendly and comforting. This is […]
Carol W.
A great experience! The best I have had in many years. X-rays, through exam and cleaning. That’s why you go to the dentist. Not to bullied into whitening, braces, veneers, etc etc. They offer those […]
Drew W.
Routine cleaning and X-rays. Josh is the best Hygenist I’ve ever had. Very pleasant and a very soft touch.
John H.
I have gone here since I was 2. They’re always nice, I always have super clean teeth, and they’re the best group of people I have ever met in an office. I highly recommend going here.
Brianna R.
Fantastic Staff and Experience
Ismail E.
Always a curteous knowlegable staff and really personable group. My favorite dentist office!
Jesse G.
This is a wonderful, relaxing office and the staff are super friendly and helpful. They do great work. I highly recommend this group. They gave me back my smile!
Steven H.
Both Dr. Brad & Dr. Andrew are amazing! They are so friendly and patient! I’ve had a somewhat complicated dental adventure and they have been very supportive. It is clear that they want me to […]
Karina L.
Nice office in a convenient location off Little River Turnpike. Ive been a patient for several years. Great staff and very friendly when i come in. Dr Freedman is very personable when he does his […]
KickingOnDaTube
Always a great experience…Dr. Freedman is awesome and Maria is the best!!! Highly recommend this practice!!!
Pamela P.
If anyone is looking for a great dental experience, you will find it here. This office, the staff, the dentists are all amazing. I have been a patient here since 1998, and have always had great […]
Suzanne F.
Karen is the best!
Erica A.
every body knows what to do and explain every thing
Amanda M.
Awesome experience, these lovely people made me feel at ease almost immediately. Clean, beautiful office, very professional and friendly! Highly recommend!!!
Katherine B.
I would definitely recommend people that need a dentist to work on their dental issue at Brad M. Freedman, DDS. Aspecialy Dr. Andrew Huynh and his staffs are very professional and friendly.
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